Author Guidelines

Submission Information


Guidelines & Requirements



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The Journal of Perinatal Neonatal Medicine does not charge a publication fee.


2.     Required Files


Title page, Abstract, Manuscript body, References, Tables, Figures and Figure legends. All of these sections should be included in one document. Please submit in a Word document. If you encounter any issues uploading your document, please e-mail us at        


Place each table under a sub-titled section at the end of the manuscript after the References.  


Figures and/or pictures after tables at the end of your manuscript (preferably a high resolution file). 



Manuscripts must be written using American (US) English. Authors whose native language is not English are recommended to seek the advice of a native English speaker, before submitting their manuscripts.

Manuscripts should be prepared with 1” wide margins on all sides, double spaced throughout (including the abstract, footnotes and references) and 12 point font size (Times New Roman or Arial).

Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections.

Avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face. Headings and subheadings should be numbered and typed on a separate line, without indentation.

Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:

  1. Title page
  2. Abstract
  3. Body of manuscript (divided by subheadings)
  4. Acknowledgements
  5. Disclosure Statements
  6. References
  7. Tables
  8. Figure legends
  9. Figures (Submit separately as high resolution TIF files)


4.      TITLE PAGE

The title page should include the following information:

  •   Title should be clear, descriptive, and concise but informative. Authors should include all information (key words) in the title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific.
  • Short running title should be up to 40 characters.
  •  Name(s) of author(s), should include both initial and surnames and should indicate the corresponding author’s full affiliation(s) footnoted alphabetically directly beneath author names. This should also indicate address of author(s), if different from affiliation.

Any author included in the author list should have contributed significantly to the paper, and no person who has made a significant contribution should be omitted from the list of authors. Please read the IOS Press authorship policy for further information.

  •  Complete address of corresponding author, including tel. no., and e-mail address.
  •  Include three suggested reviewers along with their affiliations and e-mail addresses. Please read our peer review policy for further information.



  •  Clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and no greater than 250 words.
  •  Structured to include the following subtitles in: Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. The aim of the study should be stated in the Background section of the abstract. 
  •  Keywords
  •  Abbreviations: Except for units of measurement, abbreviations are strongly discouraged. The first time an abbreviation appears, it should be preceded by the words for which it stands. 
  •  Suitable for publication in abstracting services. 


All aspects of the manuscript, including the formatting of tables, illustrations, and references and grammar, punctuation, usage, and scientific writing style, should be prepared according to the most current AMA Manual of Style (

Leave a single space at the end of each sentence. Do not use bold face for emphasis within text. Utilize a comma before the final “and” or “or” in a list of items.

Write out the numbers one through ten unless they are used as a unit of measurement, or are in figures and tables.

Do not use the automated features of your software, such as hyphenation, endnotes, headers, or footers (especially for references). You may use page numbering.



Contributors are those who provided general support but do not meet the criteria for authorship. Examples include a person who offered technical help, writing assistance, offered guidance/direction, and other broad-spectrum support.

Financial and material support should be stated in a separate section immediately following this one.



JNPM requires all authors to disclose any potential or actual interests relevant to the topic(s) discussed in submitted manuscripts. This policy should not prevent authors with financial or other interests from publishing their research. The journal’s intent is to provide reviewers and readers with full disclosure to ensure scientific integrity. Disclosures will be shared with reviewers and will be published with accepted articles. If no potential or actual interests are disclosed, a statement to that effect will be published.


Studies involving experimental subjects must comply with the IOS Press Use of Experimental Subjects Policy.

Experiments involving human subjects must conform with the Declaration of Helsinki and be approved by a local Institutional Review Board. Compliance with the former and approval by the latter, including the approval number, MUST be provided in the Methods section or in a separate section at the end of the article. When experimental animals are used, the Methods section must briefly but explicitly state measures that were taken to minimize pain or discomfort, e.g., type and dose of anesthetic used. Experiments should be carried out in accordance with the European Communities Council Directive of 24 November 1986 (86/609/EEC) or the Guidelines by the NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare regarding the care and use of animals for experimental procedures.

All studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the Materials and Methods section identifying the review and approval committee for each study. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt whether appropriate procedures have been used.

Participants have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including participants' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the participant (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a participant who is identifiable should be shown the manuscript before it is published. When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the Methods section.


List source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these.

State disclaimers, if any.


If there is an online dataset associated with the paper, you are welcome to provide information about where the data supporting the results or analyses presented in the paper can be found. Where applicable, this should include the hyperlink, DOI, or other identifier associated with the dataset(s).



References must be formatted to the Vancouver style guidelines in accordance with the "International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Uniform Requirements for Manuscript Submitted to Biomedical Journals.

Journal titles are abbreviated according to the style used in the PubMed database; full journal name abbreviations are found under the NLM Catalog Tools in the Journals in NCBI Databases: journals (; journal abbreviations (

An "in-text citation” tag point to the cited source in the reference section. Citations within the text are identified with a number in brackets; it is placed before any colons, semi-colons, commas, and periods.  Example:  
Smith argued that ... [1].

References are numbered consecutively in the order they are first used in the text. The full citations will be included in the Reference section in the manuscript, with numbers identifying each corresponding reference.  

When multiple references are cited together, use a hyphen to indicate a series of inclusive numbers. Use commas to indicate a series of non-inclusive numbers. Citations [4,5,6,7,14,19] are abbreviated to [4-7,14,19].  Example:

Multiple clinical trials [4-6,9] show… 

The original number used for a reference is reused each time the reference is cited. 

Numbered references to personal communications, unpublished data, or manuscripts either “in preparation” or “submitted for publication” are unacceptable. If essential, such material can be incorporated at the appropriate place in the text.  

Example Elements of References/Citations:  

I. Journal Article: Many medical journals carry continuous pagination throughout a volume; thus the month and issue number may be omitted.

a) Standard one-six authors:  Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.

b) More than six authors - List the first six authors followed by et al.:  Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6

II. Organization

a) Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension 2002;40:679-86.

III. Authors and organization

a) Margulies EH, Blanchette M, Haussler D, Green ED; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program. Identification and characterization of multi-species conserved sequences. Genome Res 2003:2507-18.

IV. Article published electronically ahead of the print version

a) Standard: Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood 2002 Nov 15;100:3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5.

b) No Date: O’Leary C. Vitamin C does little to prevent winter cold. The West Australian Epub 2005.

c) In press or Forthcoming: Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, Forthcoming 2002.

V. Unidentifiable items

a) No author: 21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ 2002;325:184.

b) Article not in English: Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2002;122:785-7. Norwegian.

c) Optional translation of article title (MEDLINE/PubMed practice): Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. [Disease anxiety among medical students and law students]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2002;122:785-7. Norwegian.

VI. Journal article on the Internet

a) Internet cited: Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [Internet] 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102:[about 1 p.]. Available from:

b) Medium not cited: Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102:[about 1 p.]. Available from:

VII. Pagination / source / citation variations

a) Document number: Williams JS, Brown SM, Conlin PR. Videos in clinical medicine. Blood-pressure measurement. N Engl J Med 2009 Jan 29;360:e6. PubMed PMID: 19179309.

b) Digital Object Identifier (DOI): Zhang M, Holman CD, Price SD, Sanfilippo FM, Preen DB, Bulsara MK. Comorbidity and repeat admission to hospital for adverse drug reactions in older adults: retrospective cohort study. BMJ 2009 Jan 7;338:a2752. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2752. PubMed PMID: 19129307; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2615549.

c) Publisher item identifier (pii): Tegnell A, Dillner J, Andrae B. Introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in Sweden. Euro Surveill 2009 Feb 12;14. pii: 19119. PubMed PMID: 19215721.

d) Issue with no volume:  Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop 2002;401:230-8.

e) No volume or issue: Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction 2002:1-6.

f) Roman numerals: Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding. Bioethics 2002;16:iii-v.

g) Bracketed medium example I:  Tor M, Turker H. International approaches to the prescription of long-term oxygen therapy [letter]. Eur Respir J. 2002;20:242.

h) Bracketed medium example II: Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom KA, Bigelow GE. Characteristics of older methadone maintenance (MM) patients [abstract]. Drug Alcohol Depend 2002;66 Suppl 1:S105.

VIII. Articles with corrections/errors

a) Full Retraction: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry 2002;63:169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry 2000;61:909-11.

b) Partial retraction: Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction after removal of eroded slings. J Urol 2006 Dec;176:2749. Partial retraction of: Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol 2006 Sep;176:1040-4.

c) Republished with corrections: Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-type ATPases. Mol Cell Endocrinol 2002;188:22-5. Corrected and republished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol 2001;183:123-6.

d) Published erratum: Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther 2000;22(10):1151-68; discussion 1149-50. Erratum in: Clin Ther 2001;23:309.

IX. Books, Monographs, etc.

  •  Personal author(s): Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
  •  Editor(s), compiler(s) as author: Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
  • Author(s) and editor(s): Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.
  • Organization (ex I): Advanced Life Support Group. Acute medical emergencies: the practical approach. London: BMJ Books; 2001. 454 p.
  •  Organizations  (ex II): American Occupational Therapy Association, Ad Hoc Committee on Occupational Therapy Manpower. Occupational therapy manpower: a plan for progress. Rockville (MD): The Association; 1985 Apr. 84 p.
  • Organizations  (ex III): National Lawyer's Guild AIDs Network (US); National Gay Rights Advocates (US). AIDS practice manual: a legal and educational guide. 2nd ed. San Francisco: The Network; 1988.
  • Chapter in a book: Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.


10.    TABLE(S)

Provide tables at the end of the manuscript on a separate pages (page breaks) before any figures.

Number each table only as Table 1, Table 2, Table 3 and etc.

Refer to all included tables within the text in parenthesis.

Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.

Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory.

Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.

Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Instead, leave extra space in between.

Attempt to avoid footnotes; however, any abbreviations or any explanations essential to the understanding of the table should be noted in footnotes directly beneath the corresponding table.


a.     FIGURE LEGENDS    [Provide each figure(s) at the end of the manuscript after the tables section in high resolution. Each figure should be on a separate page]

                                   i.    Provide all figures’ complete titles here (corresponding with the respective figure(s)). Figure titles should not be embedded in the figure(s) itself.

.                                 ii.    Indicate all figure legends, keys and/or footnotes here (corresponding to the respective figure ).

                                 iii.    Refer to all figure(s) in-context within the body of the manuscript using parenthesis at the end of the statement.

b.     FIGURE(S)                [Provide each figure(s) at the end of the manuscript in high resolution]

                                   i.    Do not include the actual figure itself, within the body of the manuscript. Figure(s) should be included after the figure(s) title and legend at the end of the manuscript. All figure(s) should start on a separate page. 

                                  ii.    Do not add complete titles to actual figure; title each only as: Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and etc.

                                 iii.    Do not add legends or keys to the actual figure.

c.      FIGURE(S) STYLE             [Format figures according to the exact style utilized in JNPM]

                                   i.    Utilize minimal text, numbers and wording. Do NOT use gridlines or display the figure’s title, legends or other footnotes (these are included within the manuscript in the last section under “Figure Legends”.

                                  ii.    Axes should reflect as thick bold lines, axes labels’ font style should be Arial bolded at size 14; axes numbers should also be Arial bolded but at size 12.

                                 iii.    Differentiate between categories in the visualize demonstration using an uncluttered and easily distinguished formats; employ the colors black, white, and grey for legend purposes. For figures with many legends, utilize different types of dotted lines and 2-colored or checkered                                              bars.

                                 iv.    Color figures may be included, provided the cost of their reproduction is paid for by the author.

                                  v.    For examples, please refer to figures published in previous JNPM Issues.


Copyright of your article
Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that they have read and agreed to the terms of the IOS Press Author Copyright Agreement.

Article sharing
Authors of journal articles are permitted to self-archive and share their work through institutional repositories, personal websites, and preprint servers. Authors have the right to use excerpts of their article in other works written by the authors themselves, provided that the original work is properly cited. The consent for sharing an article, in whole or in part, depends on the version of the article that is shared, where it is shared, and the copyright license under which the article is published. Please refer to the IOS Press Article Sharing Policy for further information. 

Quoting from other publications
Authors, when quoting from someone else's work or when considering reproducing figures or tables from a book or journal article, should make sure that they are not infringing a copyright. Although in general authors may quote from other published works, permission should be obtained from the holder of the copyright if there will be substantial extracts or reproduction of tables, plates, or other figures. If the copyright holder is not the author of the quoted or reproduced material, it is recommended that the permission of the author should also be sought. Material in unpublished letters and manuscripts is also protected and must not be published unless permission has been obtained. Submission of a paper will be interpreted as a statement that the author has obtained all the necessary permission. A suitable acknowledgement of any borrowed material must always be made.


The corresponding author will receive a PDF proof and is asked to check this proof carefully (the publisher will execute a cursory check only). Corrections other than printer's errors, however, should be avoided. Costs arising from such corrections will be charged to the authors. The corrected proof is published online in the journal’s pre-press module. This is not the final version. When the article is published in an issue, the final published version replaces the pre-press file. Pre-press articles are fully citable by using their DOI number.


The corresponding author of a contribution to the journal will receive a complimentary PDF Author’s Copy of the article, unless otherwise stated. This PDF copy is watermarked and for personal use only. A free PDF copy will not be provided for conference proceedings and abstract issues. An order form for a PDF file without watermark, color figures, reprints or additional journal copies will be provided along with the PDF proof.

If you wish to order reprints of an earlier published article, please contact the publisher for a quotation via this contact form.

An author is entitled to 25 % discount on IOS Press books. See Author's discount (25%) on all IOS Press book publications.


Authors of published articles (non-pre-press, final articles) will be contacted by Kudos. Kudos is a service that helps researchers maximize the impact and visibility of their research. It allows authors to enrich their articles with lay metadata, add links to related materials and promote their articles through the Kudos system to a wider public. Authors will receive no more than three emails: one invitation and a maximum of two reminders to register for the service and link the published article to their profile. Using and registering for Kudos remains entirely optional. For more information, please have a look at our authors section.


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