Biomarkers as point of care tests (POCT) in neonatal sepsis: A state of science review

Abstract. 

Lack of a standard definition of neonatal sepsis and a swift diagnostic method has proven detrimental in the management of this serious condition. Biomarkers have emerged as a beacon that might help us detect neonatal sepsis more effectively. The use of point-of-care biomarkers can aid in early diagnosis and timely initiation of treatment. Procalcitonin, presepsin, interleukin-6, highly specific C-reactive protein, and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin have been proven to aid in early diagnosis and timely initiation of treatment, thereby reducing sepsis-induced morbidity and mortality. These biomarkers have been found to be useful in reducing the duration of hospital stay and monitoring the response to therapy. When used in combination with each other, or with clinical scores, they have been proven to be advantageous over the gold standard by eliminating the waiting time for blood culture results. The use of biomarkers as a point of care investigation holds a future over the traditional method. We present a state of science review of literature summarizing the current status of these biomarkers in neonatal sepsis.

*Corresponding Author: 

Dr. Prerna Batra, Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India-110095. Tel.: +91 995 867 2759; E-mail: drprernabatra@yahoo.com.