Hemorrhages are the first cause of perinatal deaths in French women. Thirteen percent of these deaths are not linked to obstetrical problems but rather to hemoperitoneum. These incidents are under-diagnosed and as a result, treatment is delayed and fetal and maternal mortality increases. We report three cases of patients, all White female in their last trimester of a non-problematic pregnancy presenting with hemoperitoneum and resulting in different outcomes. The analysis of published materials and of our cases leads us to infer that a diagnosis of hemoperitoneum must be considered in pregnant women when abdominal pain, symptoms of shock and a decrease in hemoglobin are associated. An immediate response and intensive care followed by hemostatic surgery give these patients the best chance to survive.
Hemoperitoneum in peripartum: A case-series