Care practices and outcomes of extremely preterm neonates born at 22–24 weeks – A single centre experience

Ramaswamy, V.V, Oommen, V.I, Gupta, A, Weerapperuma, N, Zivanovic, S, Roehr, C.C* | JNPM 2021;

Abstract: BACKGROUND:Wide variation in the care practices and survival rates of neonates born at peri-viable gestational ages of 22+0 – 24+6 weeks. This study elucidates the postnatal risk factors for morbidity/mortality, contrasts the care practices and short-term outcomes of this vulnerable group of preterm neonates from a single center with others. METHODS:Retrospective study of neonates born at 22+0 –24+6 weeks in a level 3 neonatal intensive care unit in UK, over a period of 4 years (2016–2019). RESULTS:94 neonates given active care were studied. Survival until discharge was 51.1%(22–23 wks –44%, 24 wks –59.1%) and survival with no major brain injury (MBI) [grade III/IV IVH, cystic periventricular leukomalacia] was 38.3%(22–23 wks –32%, 24 wks –45.4%). Of those who survived until discharge, 75%had no MBI (22–23 wks –72.7%, 24 wks –76.9%). Neonates requiring significant respiratory support within first 72 hours as well as needing rescue high frequency ventilation had significantly high risk of mortality or MBI [aOR –7.17 (2.24–25.79), p = 0.00; 4.76 (1.43–20.00), p = 0.01]. CONCLUSIONS:Survival rate differed from other centres. MBI was low amongst survivors. Severe respiratory disease in the initial days was associated with a higher risk of death or MBI.

*Corresponding Author: 

A./Prof. Charles Christoph Roehr, National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK. Tel.: +0044 1865 289700; E-mail: