Management of transient central diabetes insipidus with intravenous desmopressin in a premature infant with gastroschisis and septo-optic dysplasia: A case report

Abstract.

Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) may occur in the setting of intracranial abnormalities that affect the hypothalamus-pituitary system. It occurs rarely in neonates, especially in the premature population, and represents a challenging disease process to treat pharmacologically. Little is known regarding the treatment options in premature infants, including dose and route of administration of intravenous desmopressin (DDAVP). We present a case of a late premature male infant with gastroschisis and septo-optic dysplasia who developed transient CDI. He was treated with intravenous DDAVP but required frequent laboratory monitoring and a multidisciplinary approach, and ultimately his CDI resolved. Although there are minimal guidelines regarding the appropriate formulation and dosage of DDAVP for management of CDI in infants, we initiated the lowest dose available and titrated the medication based on close monitoring of urine output and serum sodium levels in order to successfully treat his transient CDI.

*Corresponding Author: 

Faith Kim, MD, Neonatal Perinatal Fellow, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital of New York, PH-17, 3959 Broadway, New York, NY 10032, USA. Tel.: +1 757 892 4018; E-mail: fak9024@nyp.org.